On 30 December 2022, the Tigray Emergency Coordination Center (comprising UN agencies, humanitarian orgs and Tigray Government bureaus) released an an operation update. In the update is operations of key sectoral updates. Below are some hieghlights from some of the themes.
2.4 million Tigrayan children out of school. Eritrean and Amhara forces continue violence against women, indiscriminate killings, forced arrest and 645 People are abducted. 3708 Civilian causalities caused by Amhara Fano and Eritrean forces. Acute children malnutrition at 37.2% and pregnant and lactating women acute malnutrition at 67.2%. Many woredas in Central, Eastern and North Western Tigray remain inaccessible. Lack of fuel, lack of cash, inaccessibility of areas and communication problems remain main challenges in humanitarian operations.
As of 26 December, some woredas remain either fully or partially inaccessible for food partners, preventing assistance to reach the most vulnerable people in need.
- Central Zone (Adet, Adwa, Aheferom, Ahsea, Chila, Edaga Arbi, Egela, Emba Sieneti, Endafelasi, Enticho town, Hahayle, Naeder, Rama and Tahtay Maychew)
- Eastern Zone (Erob, Ganta Afeshum, Gulo Mekeda and Zala Anbesa town)
- North Western Zone (Adi Hageray, Asgede, Dima, Selekleka, Seyemti Adyabo, Tahtay Adiyabo, Tselemti, Tsimbla and Zana) ❖ Southern Zone (Chercher and Ofla)
Key Challenges (29 December, 2022)
- Unable to address the humanitarian food needs of 42% of the target population by all food partners (in 2nd Round of 2022)
- Humanitarian access in the region, particularly in border areas and locations off the main roads in rural woredas or requiring cross-line movements, continues to be challenging. Protection of civilians, humanitarian assets and supplies by all parties to the conflict remains a major concern.
- Together with the local authorities and communities, partners are working on re-targeting to include people who are newly displaced or experiencing secondary displacement in the caseload and identifying other most vulnerable people in need based on available vulnerability information (for instance, demographic and socio-economic data). This exercise has been very challenging due to fluid population movements, high number of displaced people, limited or non-existing local government structure, and presence of multiple armed actors in some areas, causing delays in food distribution in some locations.
Way Forward (29 December, 2022)
• Resumption of banking services across Tigray and flow of commercial goods into the region is critical to support partners to provide timely and adequate assistance in addition to improved humanitarian food and fuel supply movement. With more food supplies arriving in Tigray, partners require more cash to cover relevant costs for loading, offloading, dispatch and monitoring. Without functional banking service in most of the region, access to cash remains restricted and lack of sufficient cash continues to hamper food response.
• Sustaining the ongoing food assistance through the most appropriate modalities, complementing it with agriculture and livelihood support in collaboration with other clusters is critical to improve food security in the region and prevent further deterioration. It is expected that food assistance will be needed at least up to next main harvest season in late 2023. Scaling up support for agricultural production, market integration and early recovery activities with provision of regular and predictable assistance is urgently needed to reduce the food gaps in Tigray.
Acute children malnutrition at 37.2% and pregnant and lactating women acute malnutrition at 67.2%
- 25793 children screened, 33.2 per cent (8564 children <12.5 cm MUAC or proxy GAM) and 4.0 per cent (1022 children <11.5 cm MUAC or proxy SAM).
- 15341 PLW screened, 67.2 per cent (10315 PLWs are <23cm MUAC) of acutely malnourished.
- A total of 1763 SAM children admitted for treatment and out of it 1696 children < 5 were admitted to OTP and 67 SC admissions for SAM treatment.
- Non availability of the health workers in health faculties created a biggest challenge for nutrition intervention as availability for supply improves.
- Prolonged closure of public schools leaving close 2.4 million school age children out of school and delay on school reopening plan is a constraint to the education cluster response.
- There are 16,520 (9,925 girls) school age IDPs children seeking education services in Adigrat. Unfortunately, no education partner presence in Adigrat.
- The use of schools as shelter by IDPs and other non education activities in Shire, Sheraro, Maitsebri, Abiyi Addi and Adigrat is challenging the education response.
- The assessment being conducted by the education cluster in Mekelle confirmed the presence of New IDPs in schools including decommissioned schools.
- Teachers face significant challenges in terms of hunger and poverty after 18 months of No Salary
- Shortage of cash, supplies, and fuel.
- Even after the peace agreement being signed – People living in the areas bordering Amhara & Eritrea are facing series violence against women, indiscriminate killings, forced arrest and 645 People are abducted by the Amhara and Eritrean forces ,and no information where about them one
- 3708 Civilian causalities caused by Amhara Fano and Eritrean forces – According to ACSOT sources backed with eye-witness
The report in PDF is below: